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Collection Development Policy

Objective/Purpose:

This Collection Development Policy is a statement of the principles and guidelines used by the Heartland Community College Library in the selection, maintenance and weeding of Library materials. The primary objective of collection development is to build and maintain a collection that supports the curriculum of the College and the mission of the Library. (appendix A)

This policy is a guide, not immutable law, and exceptions should be made to admit valuable materials whenever adequately justified by the interest of the Library and the College. Further, it is a policy statement, not a manual of procedures, which are properly left to the internal management of the Library staff.

Principles:

  • Enrich and support curriculum and enhance the educational goals of the College while taking into consideration the varied interests, abilities and maturity of the student body and the needs of faculty and staff.
  • Ensure that the needs of all segments of the College community are being met through a cooperative approach to selection.
  • Strive to have strong print and non-print collections that complement each other.
  • Place principle above personal opinion and reason above prejudice to assure a comprehensive collection of high quality material.
  • Bring intellectual stimulation to faculty and students.

Guidelines:

The following considerations will guide all collection development decisions:

  • Relevance of material to educational programs and priorities of the College
  • Appropriateness to user (level, format, ease of access)
  • Quality and diversity in the collection, including balanced presentations of controversial issues
  • Currency of information as needed (e.g. nursing and technology materials)
  • Textbooks adopted by the College are not purchased except in special circumstances
  • Duplicate copies of materials are purchased in areas of high utilization
  • Gifts are accepted with the understanding that all decisions as to final deposition will be made by the Library staff

Responsibility Statement:

Ultimate responsibility for collection development rests with the Library Director and the College Board. Under the supervision of the Director, the Library's professional staff members are responsible for selecting Library materials and serving as liaisons to faculty. Faculty members are expected to provide recommendations for materials in their own fields of specialization. Student, staff and community requests are welcomed.

Statement on Intellectual Freedom and Copyright:

Heartland Community College Library supports the American Library Association's "Library Bill of Rights," (appendix B) its "Intellectual Freedom Principles for Academic Libraries" (appendix C) and its statement on the "Freedom to View." (appendix D) The Heartland Community College Library complies with all provisions of U.S. Copyright Law (17 U.S.C.) and its amendments. The Library supports the Fair Use section of the Copyright Law (17 U.S.C. 107) which permits and protects citizens' rights to reproduce and make use of copyrighted works for the purposes of teaching, scholarship and research.

Policy Review:

This policy will be reviewed and revised as necessary.
Date of current revision: 8/7/2001

Appendices

Appendix A

Heartland Community College Library Mission:

  • To teach students, faculty and staff how to become information literate;
  • To supply a collection of resources supporting the College curriculum, institutional goals and objectives;
  • To provide information delivery systems necessary to reach a broad base of learners;
  • To maintain a facility that is conducive to research and study.

Appendix B

Library Bill of Rights
The American Library Association affirms that all libraries are forums for information and ideas, and that the following basic policies should guide their services.

  1. Books and other library resources should be provided for the interest, information, and enlightenment of all people of the community the library serves. Materials should not be excluded because of the origin, background, or views of those contributing to their creation.
  2. Libraries should provide materials and information presenting all points of view on current and historical issues. Materials should not be proscribed or removed because of partisan or doctrinal disapproval.
  3. Libraries should challenge censorship in the fulfillment of their responsibility to provide information and enlightenment.
  4. Libraries should cooperate with all persons and groups concerned with resisting abridgment of free expression and free access to ideas.
  5. A person's right to use a library should not be denied or abridged because of origin, age, background, or views.
  6. Libraries which make exhibit spaces and meeting rooms available to the public they serve should make such facilities available on an equitable basis, regardless of the beliefs or affiliations of individuals or groups requesting their use.

Adopted June 18, 1948. Amended February 2, 1961, and January 23, 1980, inclusion of "age" reaffirmed January 23, 1996, by the ALA Council.

Appendix C

Intellectual Freedom Principles for Academic Libraries: An Interpretation of the Library Bill of Rights
A strong intellectual freedom perspective is critical to the development of academic library collections and services that dispassionately meet the education and research needs of a college or university community. The purpose of this statement is to outline how and where intellectual freedom principles fit into an academic library setting, thereby raising consciousness of the intellectual freedom context within which academic librarians work. The following principles should be reflected in all relevant library policy documents.

  1. The general principles set for in the Library Bill of Rights forms an indispensable framework for building collections, services, and policies that serve the entire academic community.
  2. The privacy of library users is and must be inviolable. Policies should be in place that maintains confidentiality of library borrowing records and of other information relating to personal use of library information and services.
  3. The development of library collections in support of an institution's instruction and research programs should transcend the personal values of the selectors. In the interests of research and learning, it is essential that collections contain materials representing a variety of perspectives on subjects that may be considered controversial.
  4. Preservation and replacement efforts should ensure that balance in library materials is maintained and that controversial materials are not removed from the collections through theft, loss, mutilation, or normal wear and tear. There should be alertness to efforts by special interest groups to bias a collection through systematic theft or mutilation.
  5. Licensing agreement should be consistent with the Library Bill of Rights, and should maximize access.
  6. Open and unfiltered access to the Internet should be conveniently available to the academic community in a college or university library. Content filtering devices and content-based restrictions are a contradiction of the academic library mission to further research and learning through exposure to the broadest possible range of ideas and information. Such restrictions are a fundamental violation of intellectual freedom in academic libraries.
  7. Freedom of information and of creative expression should be reflected in library exhibits and in all relevant library policy documents.
  8. Library meeting rooms, research carrels, exhibit spaces, and other facilities should be available to the academic community regardless of research being pursued or subject being discussed. Any restrictions made necessary because of limited availability of space should be based on need, as reflected in library policy, rather than on content of research or discussion.
  9. Whenever possible, library services should be available without charge in order to encourage inquiry. Where charges are necessary, a free or low-cost alternative (e.g. downloading to disc rather than printing) should be available when possible.
  10. A service philosophy should be promoted that affords equal access to information for all in the academic community with no discrimination on the basis of race, values, gender, sexual orientation, cultural or ethnic background, physical or learning disability, economic status, religious beliefs, or views.
  11. A procedure ensuring due process should be in place to deal with requests by those within and outside the academic community for removal or addition of library resources, exhibits, or services.
  12. It is recommended that this statement of principle be endorsed by appropriate institutional governing bodies, including the faculty senate or similar instrument of faculty governance.

Approved by ACRL Board of Directors: June 29, 1999; adopted July 12, 2000 by the ALA Council

Appendix D

Freedom to View Statement
The freedom to view, along with the freedom to speak, to hear, and to read, is protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. In a free society, there is no place for censorship of any medium of expression. Therefore we affirm the following principles:

  1. To provide the broadest access to film, video, and other audiovisual materials because they are a means for the communication of ideas. Liberty of circulation is essential to ensure the constitutional guarantees of freedom of expression.
  2. To protect the confidentiality of all individuals and institutions using film, video, and other audiovisual materials.
  3. To provide film, video and other audiovisual materials which represent a diversity of views and expressions. Selection of a work does not constitute or imply agreement with or approval of the content.
  4. To provide a diversity of viewpoints without the constraint of labeling or prejudging film, video, or other audiovisual materials on the basis of the moral, religious, or political beliefs of the producer or filmmaker or on the basis of controversial content.
  5. To contest vigorously, by all lawful means, every encroachment upon the public's freedom to view.

This statement was originally drafted by the Freedom to View Committee of the American Film and Video Association (formally the Educational Film Library Association) and was adopted by the AFVA Board of Directors in February 1979. This statement was updated and approved by the AFVA Board of Directors in 1989. Endorsed by the ALA Council January 10, 1990.